The World Day of Fight against AIDS It is held every December 1. 37 years after the emergence of the first cases of AIDS, the disease caused by the HIV virus becomes less deadly and more controlled. However, still in Spain they are still diagnosed Every year more than three thousand new cases of HIV and more than 500 AIDS.
According to data from the National Register of AIDOS Cases, the sexual route is still the largest transmission system, and the trend of new cases of AIDS continues to fall thanks to antiretroviral treatments.
This disease slightly fewer this week thanks to the brave one Labor revelation Lloyd Russell-Moyle in the British Parliament. The parliamentarian confessed that he would soon be the tenth anniversary he was diagnosed with HIV. Russell-Moyle explained that, thanks to the treatment he had followed in these years, he now has an inadmissible HIV, with which he will not get sick or deliver the virus.
In addition, the Labor Party has continued to assert that "it is more secure to have sex with a person with uninhabitable HIV than with a person without diagnosis", and he launched a hopeful speech followed by emotional applause of the present parliamentarians"I tell those who live with HIV that their state does not define them, we can be what we want."
87,000 cases of AIDS in Spain since its appearance
The National AIDS Registry collects all the data on new cases of HIV infection and AIDS since the start of the global epidemic. From the first records in 1981 until June 30, 2018 in Spain reported a total of 87,369 cases of AIDS.
In proportion to the population, the general trend is that The disease has less and less effect. Only in 2017, 3,338 new cases of HIV infection were diagnosed, a rate of 7.26% per 100,000 inhabitants. The data of 2017 are provisional and are subject to a variation of 1% according to the tax, as evaluated in the Epidemiological Surveillance report 2017, available in the website of the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare.
The success of antiretroviral therapy allowed to increase the life expectancy of patients with HIV. This does that The current challenge of this disease is to contract with its premature aging. The first patients affected by HIV and survivors have already progressed.
In 2016, 14.8% of HIV diagnoses in Spain were 50 years or older. On the occasion of the World AIDS Day, the Fight Against AIDS Foundation published data on aging research and the complications associated with HIV carried out by the Institute of AIDS research IrsiCaixa.
This center explores the effect caused by the virus, a premature aging of the immune system for five years. HIV, they say, also increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and kidney problems, among others. The investigation, as detailed in Fight-Fight against AIDS in declaration, is now about testing "whether the administration of statins, drugs against cholesterol, can reduce levels of inflammation and thus reduce immunization in people with HIV".
Despite being controlled today, we can not forget that this is a disease that can kill, and thus made almost 59,000 people in Spain since 1981. In 2016, 498 people died of HIV and AIDS, representing 1.2% of the total deaths in Spain In Spain, HIV testing is free and confidential to all people.
Having HIV and AIDS is not the same. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a type of virus which attacks the immune system's immune system. This does not mean that the infected person will develop the disease of AIDS, acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.