After a year of debate, claims and changes, today the creation of UniCABA will take shape. With the automatic majority granted by its 34 legislators, The governing party will be the law of the university education project in the City of Buenos Aires.
The approval, expected, will arrive in the middle of an unfavorable climate. Since yesterday, the Buenos Aires Legislature is fortified. In the vicinity, teachers are waiting for Tuesday and during the vote there will be a protest that will bring together third-party students, secondary teachers, teachers and unionists who have even asked for a strike for Thursday.
Last Friday was the introduction of today's session. Among fights, insults and aggression, the legislators of Vamos Juntos signed the opinion to discuss the project in the premises. The rejection of a good part of the educational community adds that of the opposition, who will look for a meeting tomorrow before the treatment of UniCABA, to discuss other educational projects, but will not succeed.
Soledad Acuña, Minister of Education of Buenos Aires, does not consider the rejection as a whole. "I do not like to generalize what we hear until here is the voice of those who shout loudly and express themselves violently, I am not convinced that the educational community is opposed to it. In private, many students and teachers express themselves in favor of the project, but do not feel a space to express their position. It's almost an authoritarian attitude of thought, "he said Infobae.
The initial project, presented on November 22, 2017, was reformulated. In September this year, the Puerto Rican government proposed a new version of what it called "Law of education of the education system and the creation of the University of the Independent City of Buenos Aires".
The first project proposed the automatic breakdown of the City's 29 public faculty and its transfer to the university. The second version modified that point, the most controversial: now it contemplates the co-operation between the tertiary and the new UniCABA.
However, the rejection of a good part of the educational community is supported. "The second project leads to a slower death centered on co-operation, the sub-agency and the state systems of the state, which appear as the auditor, "reads a statement signed by the Council, which collects the rules of the teaching staff.
With the approval of the law, the Ministry of Education of Buenos Aires will play a role as the regulator of the teaching profession. He is responsible for making the institutional evaluation of each faculty and promoting self-evaluation. Based on that, its officials will review and adapt the offer of careers according to the needs observed in the classrooms, "always ensuring the continuity of the students in a course", according to the project.
Maximiliano Ferraro, lecturer for Vamos Juntos and president of the education committee, said: "The intention is not to close the high schools. The evaluated will be a result and there will be an improvement plan between the Ministry and the teaching staff.. The curious thing is that when we talk about evaluation, we start from the assumption that it will be bad. And if it gives them good? "
Although teachers dislike this evaluation, they will have to give information. Otherwise, it warns that they will suffer fines. They will also ask them to articulate with the university with complementary cycles, student exchange and promotion promotion.
2) Guarantee of better teachers?
There is little talk, but it is the central point of the matter. As it seems obvious, it is associated with universal education with better teachers, most scholars questioned. During the debate, insisting that it is not enough to investigate arguing that the university system guarantees better instructors compared to the third level.
In this regard, Acuña said: "There are not many results of educational evaluations, but if you measure what is happening in classrooms, there is a lively reality. All countries that are in the first 10 places of the PISA assessment have university education. In Argentina, one of the best performing provinces is La Pampa, whose teachers are mostly university students. I do not say they are better, but that we have a new institutional design that enables us to have profiles from different teachers. "
From the beginning, the argument of the Buenosairean executive was the one of "hierarchizar" the educational formation. "Train teachers for the new profile of students in the education system," they said. After this goal, they make sure that the bet is made through a more "innovative model" with interdisciplinary work based on projects, virtualization incorporation, technology use and training in social emotional skills.
3) Attraction of young people
The city of Buenos Aires is an exception. Unlike what is happening in the rest of the country, where there is even an overabundance, In the City there are no teachers. The numbers vary, but the figure varies from 400 to 500 vacancies, according to official sources. The necessity led to the government of Buenos Aires to launch a call for educators of internal and foreigners this year; so far unpublished.
The wide variety of free university offers makes young Buenos Aires choose other options, they believe. Part of the project is based on the idea of generating a renewal proposal that attracts children who finish a high school that, in the aspirate, he would see the teaching university with better eyes.
The other appellant criticism of the project is budgetary. The UniCABA is mentioned in the 2019 budget, but it is not specific which compatibility corresponds to it. "If only one point of the initial proposal was solid, they said where they got the money. Obviously we did not agree, but before leaving the school centers now we do not know. Besides diagnostic critics, it is a fiscally irresponsible project ", Leandro Halperín, legislator for Evolution, told this media.
In the Executive of Buenos Aires it affirms that "The university does not have a budget allocated for 2019 because it would only start operating in 2020". For the periods established by the Higher Education Law, they consider that they will need a year to pass the credentials of the University Political Secretariat and the CONEAU, as well as the organization of the institutional project. Similarly, when it comes into operation, they make sure that "they would not stop the high school".
5) Not just a teacher training
The reform of the project entailed that, besides education, the university includes other races. Along with the Ministry of Economy and Finance, They are working in the detection of free areas to offer careers linked to the product needs of the Federal Capital.
After the vote is taken, the institutional project will be delineated. Under his accusation, he will be the organizing director – "woman in the best case" – who will be appointed by the governmentor Together they will define the academic offer, the functioning and the personal status. The credit process will last a year, but in the middle the evaluations will be made to the teachers.
Then, like any university, the house of studies will enjoy academic and institutional autonomy and an economic, financial and administrative autonomy.