Here is some background information about bonded twins.
Twins are physically connected to each other at some point on their bodies.
Joint twins occur once in every 200,000 live births, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.
About 70% of the co-twins are women.
Twins are connected to the same – they are the same species.
The common twin form refers to the point at which the twins join. The first five acids are: the chest, heart, liver, intestine, the amelophagus, the amelophagus, liver, bowel, urinary tract, and craniopagus (brain, brain). (Mayo Clinic)
Scientists believe that developing twins develop from one separated egg that does not completely fail when it is divided.
The term "Siamese twins" was born with Ange and Ang Bunker, a group of joint twins born in Siam (now Thailand) in 1811. They lived until the age of 63 and appeared in traveling exhibitions. Cheng and Wang were married and we had a total of 21 children among them.
In 1955, neurosurgeon Dr. Harold Voris of Mercy Hospital in Chicago performed the first successful procedure to separate twins blended in the head.
Leah and Block Taba
He was born on August 9, 2003, in Limago, Germany, to Peter and Lynley Block. They are connected in the head.
September 16, 2004 – The girls are separated. Tabah died shortly afterwards.
Jade and Erin buckles
Born February 26, 2004, to Melissa and Kevin Buckles at the National Navy Medical Center in Seda, Maryland. They share a heavy.
June 19, 2004 – They are successfully separated.
Tatiana and Anastasia Dogaro
Was born on January 13, 2004, in Rome to Romanian parents Claudia and Aline Dogaro. They are connected in the head.
June 7, 2007 – Timed analysis to separate the girls is stopped after doctors notice a brain swelling in one of the girls.
August 2007 – Doctors at the Rainbow Children's Hospital & Children's Hospital in Cleveland announce that they will not proceed with the separation of girls because surgery is too risky.
Abigail and Isabelle Karlsen
Born on November 29, 2005, in Fargo, North Dakota, to Amy and Jesse Carlsen. They join the stomach and chest.
May 12, 2006 – A team of 30 people, including 18 surgeons from different specialties of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota make a successful operation to separate the girls.
Regina and Renate Salinas Pyrus
Was born on August 2, 2005 in Los Angeles to Sonia Firus and Federico Salinas. They were born in front of each other and joined from the lower chest to the pelvis, they merged in several places, including the liver and genitals, and they share in the colon. Regina was born with one kidney.
June 14, 2006 – The twins are separated during a long surgery day at Los Angeles Children's Hospital.
Abigail and Madison Peter
Was born on August 8, 2006, to Stacey Suzy Peterer from Bismarck, North Dakota. They were born joined the stomach and share liver.
January 3, 2007 – Separated by surgery at the Mayo Clinic.
Faith Presley and Kili Hop Wells
Born October 25, 2008 in Oklahoma City to Stevie Stewart and Keeley Wells. They are attached to the chest and are believed to be the first American born twins.
January 19, 2009 – Separated at the Children's Hospital at the University of Oklahoma City Medical Center. They both survive but they appear in critical condition after surgery.
February 19, 2011- Presley Faith & Wells died at Bethany Children's Center, Oklahoma.
Arthur and Heitor Roche Brandau
Born April 2009 in Bahia, Brazil, to Elian and to Dulson Roche. They are connected to the hip and share the bladder, intestines, liver and genitals. The twins have only three legs between them.
February 24, 2015 – The five-year-old twins undergo 15-hour surgery after months of preparation. Arthur died three days after suffering heart failure.
Ang & Lika Wang Accommodation Saboko
August Philippines to Fidel and Gennady Saboko. They are attached to the chest and abdomen.
November 1, 2011 – They are successfully separated after a 10-hour surgery at the Lucille Packard Children's Hospital in San Jose, California.
Hassan and Hussein bin overlap
Born on December 2, 2009, in London to Angie and Azzedine Benhaffaf from East Cork, Ireland. They are attached to the chest but do not share major organs.
April 8, 2010 – Undergo a 14-hour separation surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital. Both survive.
Maria and Teresa Tapia
Born April 8, 2010, Dominican Republic to Lisandra Sanatis and Marino Tapia. They join the chest and lower abdomen and participate in the liver glands, pancreas and part of the small intestine.
November 8, 2011 – Separated successfully after a 20-hour procedure.
Joshua and Jacob Spits
Born January 24, 2011, in Memphis, Tennessee, to Adrian Space. They join back to the pelvis and lower spine, each with separate hearts, heads and limbs.
August 29, 2011 – Separated successfully after surgery of 13 hours.
October 2013 – Jacob Spits passes out. The cause of his death is not free.
Rital and Ritag heroism
Born on September 22, 2010, in Khartoum, Sudan, El Abd El-Mag & Vance Gevurah. They are connected in the head.
August 15, 2011 – Separated successfully after a four-step operation. In May, two operations were carried out, one in July and the final in August.
Allison Johnson & Amelia Lee Tucker
Born March 1, 2012, to Shell and Greg Tucker. They are attached to the chest and lower abdomen and share the chest wall, diaphragm, pericardium and liver.
November 7, 2012 – They are successfully separated after a seven-hour surgery at the Children's Hospital in Philadelphia.
Ezri and Boaz Lawrence
Born October 10, 2012, in Virginia to Nashville, Vance Carlos Lawrence. They are attached from the chest to the abdomen and have a mixed liver.
October 25, 2012 – Emergency surgery is performed to separate their liver.
April 22, 2013 – Successfully separated after 14 hours of surgery.
October 14, 2013 – My aids pass out.
Emmett and Owen Eisel
Born July 15, 2013 in Dallas, LA and Dave Eisel. They join the liver and intestines.
August 24, 2013 – Successfully separated.
Kentley Hope and Adeline Faith Mata
Was born April 11, 2014 in Houston to Elise and John Mata. They join the chest, sharing the liver, the lining of the heart, the diaphragm, the intestines and the colon.
February 17, 2015 – A team of 12 surgeons separates the nurses during a 26-hour procedure.
Erica and Eva Sandoval
Was born on August 10, 2014 in California to Ida and Arturo Sandoval. They are attached to the lower chest and upper abdomen and share liver, bladder, kidneys and three legs.
6-7 December, 2016 – They are successfully separated after 17 hours of surgery at Lucille Packard Children's Hospital in Stanford, California.
Acen and Apio Akello
Born on September 23, 2014, in Uganda to Esther. They join the hip and pelvis.
September 3, 2015 – After more than 30 medical experts help separate the spinal cord of the girls, the 16-hour surgery at the National Children's Hospital in Ohio is successful. The medical experts used three-dimensional printing to create an anatomy similar to that of girls preparing for surgery.
Carter and Conner Mirabel
Born December 12, 2014, in Jacksonville, Florida, to Michelle Brentley and Brian Mirabel. They join the chest and stomach and participate in their liver and small intestines.
May 7, 2015 – They are successfully separated after 12 hours of surgery at Wolfson Children's Hospital in Florida.
Scarlett and Zimna Torres
Born May 16, 2015, Corpus Christi, Texas to Sylvia Hernandez and Raul Torres. Scarlett and Ximena are connected below the waist, co-colon and bladder.
April 12, 2016 – Scarlett and Ximena are separated during a 12-hour procedure at the Driscoll Children's Hospital in Texas.
Aeneas and Don MacDonald
Born September 9, 2015 in Chicago to Nicole and to Christian McDonald. They are connected in the head.
October 13-14, 2016 – Aeneas and Don are successfully separated after 27 hours of surgery at the Children's Hospital in Montefiore in New York.
November 8, 2016 – A leading surgeon tells CNN that the twins are recovering "really on target, if not before the deadline."
Dawa and Nima Paldan
Born July 13, 2017, in Bhutan to Bhumchu Zangmo. They join the stomach.
October 10, 2018 – The analysis was postponed in order to give the girls additional dietary support.
November 9, 2018 – Dawa and Nima successfully separated after a six-hour surgery at the Royal Royal Hospital for Children in Australia.