Meditation can be effective in treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a current treatment, according to a study published in the Lancet Psychiatry.
State Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Occurs after Traumatic event In the context of death, death threats, serious injury, or sexual assault.
It is especially characterized by recurring memories of the event, nightmares, avoidance of any element (place, situations) recalled trauma, situations of nervousness or depression.
There is often a state of post-traumatic stress disorder Victims of terror attacks and soldiers (14% of American soldiers who served in Iraq or Afghanistan will be victims).
Among the existing treatments, Treatment of exposure Used frequently. It involves bringing the person with PTSD to gradually expose themselves to situations, places, images, sensations, noises, smells and memories associated with a traumatic event, in order to "habituate"The body does not respond even more to elements reminiscent of trauma, and therefore to reduce avoidance.
But this technique is painful for those suffering from PTSD and 30-45% of patients Drop Treatment, says the study.
Researchers from three US universities have examined the practice of meditation With a study of 203 former American soldiers with PTSD.
The soldiers, men and women, were divided into three groups: one was meditating, the other was exposure therapy, and the third was a theoretical course on post-traumatic stress.
60% of former soldiers who practiced 20 minutes of meditation each day saw their symptoms improve significantly.
And they were at greater risk of completing the study than the group exposed to the exposure treatment.
Meditation is about focusing the mind on an object or idea to achieve A state of awareness, peace and tranquility.
" meditation You can practice only, quite a lot Everywhere and At any time, Without the use of special equipment or custom support"Said Sanford Nidich, lead author of the study.
"Faced with the growing problem of post-traumatic stress in the United States, Britain, and elsewhere in the world, alternative therapies such as meditation must be part of the options implemented by the health authorities."He says.