Friday , August 12 2022

Astronomers notice "unprecedented" bright sparkles in a black hole



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A star known as S0-2, represented as the blue and green object in this artist's illustration, made his closest approach to the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way in 2018. This provided a test for the theory of Einstein on general relativity.

Galaxy NGC 5866 is 44 million light years from Earth. It seems flat because we can only see its edge in this image captured by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope.

The Hubble Space Telescope has taken a stunning new portrait of Jupiter, showing its vivid colors and swirling cloudy appearance in the atmosphere.

Here's an artist's impression of the ancient massive and distant galaxies observed at ALMA.

Bright gas clouds and newborn stars make up the Sebel Fog in one of the spiral arms of the Milky Way.

An artistic concept of what the first stars looked like shortly after the Big Bang.

Spiral galaxy NGC 2985 is located about 70 million light years from our solar system in the constellation Ursa Major.

Early in the history of the universe, the Milky Way galaxy collided with a dwarf galaxy on the left, which helped form the ring and structure of our galaxy, as it is known today.

An artist's illustration of a thin disk embedded in a supermassive black hole in the center of a spiral galaxy NGC 3147, 130 million light years away.

Hubble captured this view of a spiral galaxy called NGC 972, which seems to blossom with new star formation. The orange glow is created while hydrogen gas reacts to the intense light flowing out of nearby born stars.

This is a jellyfish galaxy JO201.

The stellar system Eta Carinae, located 7,500 light-years from Earth, experienced a major explosion in 1838 and the Hubble Space Telescope continues to capture the sequel. This new ultraviolet image reveals the hot glowing gas clouds that resemble fireworks.

Oumuamua, the first observed interstellar visitor to our solar system, is shown in an artist's illustration.

An artist impression of CSIRO's Australian SKA Pathfinder radio telescope finding a fast radio station and determining its precise location.

The Whirlpool galaxy was captured in different wavelengths of light. On the left is a visible light image. The following image combines visible and infrared light, while the two on the right show different wavelengths of infrared light.

Electrically charged C60 molecules, in which 60 carbon atoms are arranged in a hollow sphere that resembles a soccer ball, were found by the Hubble Space Telescope in the interstellar medium between star systems.

These are magnified galaxies behind large galaxies. The pink halos reveal the gas surrounding the distant galaxies and its structure. The gravitational lighting effect of the clusters multiplies the images of the galaxies.

This artist's illustration shows a blue quasar in the center of a galaxy.

The NICER detector on the International Space Station recorded 22 months of nightly X-ray data to create this map of the entire sky.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captured this mosaic of the Cepheus C and Cepheus B star regions.

Here's an artist depicting ancient supernovae that bombarded the Earth with cosmic energy millions of years ago.

Galaxy NGC 4485 collided with its larger galaxy neighbor NGC 4490 million years ago, causing the creation of new stars seen on the right side of the image.

Astronomers have developed a mosaic of the distant universe, called the Hubble Heritage Field, which documents 16 years of observations from the Hubble Space Telescope. The image contains 200,000 galaxies, stretching from 13.3 billion years to just 500 million years after the Big Bang.

View of a ground telescope from the Great Magellanic Cloud, an adjacent galaxy of our Milky Way. The insert was taken from the Hubble Space Telescope and shows one of the star ramps in the galaxy.

One of the brightest planetary clouds in the sky and first discovered in 1878, the nebula NGC 7027 is visible in the constellation Swan.

Asteroid 6478 Gault is seen with NASA / ESA's Hubble Space Telescope, showing two narrow, comet-like tails of debris that tell us that the asteroid is slowly experiencing self-destruction. The bright stripes surrounding the asteroid are background stars. The asteroid Gault is located 214 million miles from the Sun, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

The ghost shell in this image is supernova, and the glowing trace that sticks out of it is a pulsar.

Hidden in one of the darkest corners of the Orion constellation, this cosmic bat extends its dark wings through interstellar space two thousand light years away. It is illuminated by the young stars inserted in its core – despite being surrounded by opaque clouds of dust, their bright rays still illuminate the fog.

In this illustration, several dust rings round the sun. These rings form when the gravitations of planets send dust grains to orbit around the sun. Lately scientists have detected a dust ring at Mercury's orbit. Others hypothesize that the source of the Venus dust ring is a group of never-detected co-orbital asteroids.

Here's an artist impressing globe stars around the Milky Way.

An artist impresses life on a planet in orbit around a binary star system, visible as two suns in the sky.

An illustration by an artist of one of the farthest solar objects yet observed, 2018 VG18 – also known as "Farout." The pink hue suggests the presence of ice. We still have no idea what "FarFarOut" looks like.

This is an artistic concept of the tiny hippocampus discovered by the Hubble Space Telescope. Just 20 miles across, it may be a broken fragment of a much larger neighboring moon, Proteus, seen as a crescent in the background.

In this illustration, an asteroid (bottom left) is scattered beneath the powerful gravity of LSPM J0207 + 3331, the oldest, coldest white dwarf, known to be surrounded by a ring of dusty debris. Scientists believe that the infrared signal from the system is best explained by two separate rings composed of dust delivered by collapsing asteroids.

Artist's impression of the promotional and twisted Milky Way record. This occurs when the rotational forces of the massive center of the galactic traction on the outer disk.

This 1.3-kilometer (0.8-mile) radius Kuiper Belt discovered by researchers on the edge of the solar system is believed to be the passage between balls of dust and ice and fully formed planets.

A selfie taken by NASA's curious Mars on Mount Vera Rubin Ridge before it relocates to a new location.

The Hubble Space Telescope has found a dwarf galaxy hiding behind a large starfish in our outer space. It is so old and irrelevant that researchers have called it a "living fossil" from the early universe.

How did massive black holes form in the early universe? The rotating gas disk of this dark hall splits into three groups that collapse under their own gravity to form supermassable stars. These stars will quickly collapse and form massive black holes.

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope captured this image of the Great Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy on our own galaxy path. Astrophysicists now believe it could collide with our galaxy in two billion years.

A mysterious luminous object in the sky, called "The Cow", was captured in real time by telescopes around the world. Astronomers believe it could be the birth of a black hole or a neutron star, or a new class of object.

Illustration depicts detection of a recurring fast radio from a mysterious source of 3 billion light years from Earth.

Comet 46P / Wirtanen will pass within 7 million miles of Earth on December 16. It is a ghostly green comet the size of Jupiter, though the comet itself is about three-quarters of a mile in diameter.

This mosaic image of a Bennu asteroid is composed of 12 PolyCam images collected on December 2 from the 15-mile OSIRIS-REx spacecraft.

This Hubble Space Telescope image of a globe of stars is one of the oldest known collections of stars. The cluster, called NGC 6752, is over 10 billion years old.

Image of Apep captured by the VISIR camera on the European Large Observatory's Large Telescope. This "pinch" star system is most likely doomed to end in a long-range gamma-ray burst.

Artist's imprint of galaxy Abell 2597, showing the supermassive black hole expelling cold molecular gas as the pump of a giant intergalactic fountain.

Image of the Wild Duck Cluster, where each star is about 250 million years old.

These images reveal the final stage of union between pairs of galaxy nuclei in the disordered nuclei of collision galaxies.

Radio image of hydrogen gas in the Little Magellanic Cloud. Astronomers believe that the dwarf galaxy is slowly dying and will eventually be consumed by the Milky Way.

Further evidence of a supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way galaxy has been found. This visualization uses simulated data from gas orbital motions, which rotate about 30% of the speed of light on a circular orbit around the black hole.

Does this look like a hit to you? This giant shadow comes from a bright star reflecting against the dusty disk surrounding it.

Hey, Bennu! NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission, on its way to meet the incipient asteroid Bennu, returns images as it approaches December 3.

These three panels reveal a supernova before, during and after it passed 920 million light years from Earth (from left to right). The supernova, called iPTF14gqr, is unusual because although the star was massive, its explosion was fast and weak. Researchers believe that this is due to a companion star who has slipped his mass.

This is an illustration by an artist of what a Neptune moon would look like orbiting the Kepler-1625b exoplanet of the giant gas in an 8,000-light-year star system from Earth. It could be the first exome ever discovered.

An artistic illustration of Planet X that could form the orbits of smaller far distant outer solar objects such as the 2015 TG387.

This is an artistic concept, as SIMP might look like J01365663 + 0933473. It has 12.7 times the mass of Jupiter but a magnetic field 200 times more powerful than that of Jupiter. This object is 20 light-years from Earth. It is on the border between being a planet or being a brown dwarf.

The Andromeda galaxy cannibalized and tore the once large M32p galaxy, leaving behind this compact galaxy remnant called the M32. It is completely unique and contains a lot of young stars.

Twelve new moons have been found around Jupiter. This graph shows various groups of the moons and their orbits, with the newly discovered ones shown in thick letters.

Scientists and observatories around the world have been able to track high-energy neutrino to a galaxy with a supermassive, rapidly rotating black hole at its center, known as a blazar. The galaxy sits to the left of Orion's shoulder in its constellation and is about 4 billion light years from Earth.

Not only do planets appear out of thin air – they require gas, dust and other processes not fully understood by astronomers. Here's an artist's impression of what "childlike" planets look like around a young star.

These negative images of 2015 BZ509, circled in yellow, show the first known interstellar object that has become a constant part of our solar system. The ex-asteroid was probably introduced into our solar system by another star system 4.5 billion years ago. It then settled in retrograde orbit around Jupiter.

A close look at the diamond matrix in a meteorite that landed in Sudan in 2008. This is considered to be the first evidence of a proto-planet that helped form the terrestrial planets in our solar system.

2004 EW95 is the first carbon-rich asteroid confirmed to exist in the Kuiper Belt and a relic of the primordial solar system. This curious object probably formed in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter before being flown billions of miles to its current home in the Kuiper Belt.

NASA / ESA's Hubble Space Telescope celebrates its 28th anniversary in space with this stunning and colorful image of the 4,000 light-years of Earth's Lagoon Nebula. While the entire nebula is about 55 light years away, this image only reveals part of about four light years.

This is a more stellar view of the Pond Nebula, using Hubble's infrared capabilities. The reason you can see more stars is because infrared is able to cut through the dust and gas clouds to reveal the abundance of both young stars in the nebula, as well as more distant stars in the background.

The Rosette Nebula is 5,000 light-years from Earth. The distinctive nebula that some claim looks more like a skull has a hole in the middle that creates the illusion of its pink form.

KIC 8462852, also known as Boyajian Star or Tabby's Star, is 1,000 light years from us. It is 50% larger than our sun and 1,000 degrees warmer. And it doesn't behave like any other star, darkening and glowing sporadically. Dust around the star, pictured here in an art illustration, may be the most likely cause of its strange behavior.

This inner slope of a Martian crater has several of the seasonal dark streaks called a "fresh slope line," or RSL, that a November 2017 report interprets as granular flows, rather than darkening due to flowing water. The image is from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter HiRISE camera.

This artist's impression shows a supernova explosion containing the luminosity of 100 million suns. Supernova iPTF14hls, which has exploded multiple times, is perhaps the most massive and most durable ever observed.

This illustration shows hydrocarbon compounds splitting into carbon and hydrogen into ice giants, such as Neptune, transforming into a "diamond rain shower".

This striking image is the stellar nursery in the misty orion where stars are born. The red filament is an extension of ammonia molecules measuring 50 light-years long. The blue represents the gas of the young orion. This image is a composite observation of the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope and the wide field of the NASA Infrared Telescope. "We still don't understand in detail how large clouds of gas in our Galaxy are collapsing to form new stars," said Rachel Friesen, one of the collaboration's co-lead investigators. "But ammonia is a great tracker of dense star-shaped gas."

This is what the Earth and its moon look like from Mars. The image is a composite of the best image on Earth and the best moon, November 20, 2016, from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The orbiter's camera takes pictures in three wavelength bands: infrared, red, and blue-green. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth when the images were taken.

PGC 1000714 was initially thought to be a common elliptical galaxy, but closer analysis revealed the incredibly rare discovery of a Hoag-type galaxy. It has a round core surrounded by two ring rings.

NASA's Cassini spacecraft took these pictures of the planet's mysterious hexagonal jet stream in December 2016. The hexagon was discovered in images taken by the Voyager spacecraft in the early 1980s. It is estimated to have a diameter wider than two Earths.

A dead star emits a green glow in this Hubble Space Telescope from the crab nebula, located about 6,500 light-years from Earth in the constellation Taurus. NASA released the image for Halloween 2016 and took up the issue in its press release. The agency said the "ghoulish-looking object still has a pulse." At the center of the crab nebula is the crushed nucleus, or "heart" of an exploded star. The heart rotates 30 times per second and produces a magnetic field that generates 1 trillion volts, NASA said.

Looking through the thick dusty clouds of the galaxy's bulge, an international team of astronomers revealed the unusual mix of stars in the star-shaped cluster known as Terzan 5. The new results indicate that Terzan 5 is one of the primordial building blocks of a larger building. a relic of the early days of the Milky Way.

Artistic concept of Planet Nine, which would be the furthest planet in our solar system. The similar group orbits of extreme objects on the edge of our solar system suggest that a massive planet is found there.

An illustration of the orbits of the new and previously known extremely distant solar system objects. The grouping of most of their orbits indicates that they are likely to affect something massive and far away, the proposed Planet X.

Say hello to a dark galaxy Dragonfly 44. Like our Milky Way, it has a hall of spherical cluster of stars around its core.

A classic novel occurs when a white dwarf star acquires matter from its secondary star (a red dwarf) for some time, causing a thermonuclear reaction on the surface, which eventually erupts in a single visible explosion. This creates a 10,000-fold increase in brightness, pictured here in an artist's rendering.

Gravitational lensing and space deformation are visible in this image of distant and distant galaxies captured by Hubble.

At the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way, researchers have discovered an X-shaped structure within a tightly packed cluster of stars.

Meet UGC 1382: What astronomers thought was that a normal elliptical galaxy (left) was actually revealed to be a massive disk galaxy made up of various parts when viewed with ultraviolet and deep optical data (center and right). In complete overturning of a normal galaxy structure, the center is younger than its outer spiral.

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope captured this image of the Crab Nebula and its "beating heart", which is a neutron star to the right of the two bright stars in the center of this image. The neutron star pulses 30 times a second. The rainbow colors are visible due to the movement of materials in the nebula that occurs during the time-lapse of the image.

The Hubble Space Telescope has captured an image of a hidden galaxy duller than Andromeda or the Milky Way. This galaxy's low-gloss surface, called UGC 477, is more than 110 million light years away in the constellation of Weights.

On April 19, NASA released new images of bright craters on Ceres. This photo shows the Haulani crater, which has evidence of terrain from its shore. Scientists believe that some craters on the dwarf planet are bright because they are relatively new.

This illustration shows the millions of dust grains NASA's Cassini spacecraft sampled near Saturn. A few dozen of them seem to be from beyond our solar system.

This image from the VLT Survey Telescope at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile shows a surprising concentration of galaxies known as the Fornax Cluster, found in the Southern Hemisphere. At the center of this cluster, in the middle of the three bright spots on the left side of the image, is a cD galaxy – a galaxy cannibal that has grown in size by consuming smaller galaxies.

This image shows the central region of the Tarantula Nebula in the Great Magellanic Cloud. The young, dense star cluster R136, which contains hundreds of massive stars, can be seen in the lower right of the image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope.

In March 2016, astronomers published a paper about powerful red lightning bolts originating from a V404 Cygni binary system in 2015. This illustration shows a black hole, similar to the one in V404 Cygni, devouring orbital star material.

This image shows the elliptical galaxy NGC 4889, deeply embedded in the Coma galaxy cluster. There is a giant supermassive black hole in the center of the galaxy.

An artist impression of 2MASS J2126, which takes 900,000 years to orbit its star, 1 billion kilometers away.

Caltech researchers have found evidence of a giant planet crossing a bizarre, highly elongated orbit in the outer solar system. The object, nicknamed Planet Nine, has a mass about 10 times that of Earth and orbits about 20 times farther from the sun on average than Neptune.

An artist is impressed with what a black hole might look like. In February, researchers in China said they had spotted a super-massive black hole 12 billion times more than the sun.

Are there any oceans on some moons of Jupiter? The sum Juice shown in this artist's impression is intended to find out. Image courtesy of ESA / AOES

Astronomers have discovered powerful aurorae on a brown dwarf that is 20 light years away. This is an artist's concept of the phenomenon.

Venus, bottom and Jupiter shine over Matthews, North Carolina, on Monday, June 29th. The seemingly close encounter, called conjunction, was a brilliant display in the summer sky. Although the two planets appear to be very close together, they are actually millions of miles away.

Jupiter's ice moon Europe may be the best place in the solar system to look for extraterrestrial life, according to NASA. The moon is about the size of the Earth's Tuna, and there is evidence that it has an ocean beneath its ice crust, which may hold twice as much water as Earth. NASA's 2016 budget includes a request for $ 30 million to plan a mission to explore Europe. The above image was taken by the Galileo spacecraft on November 25, 1999. It is a 12-frame mosaic and is considered the best image still on the side of Europe, which faces Jupiter.

This nebula, or cloud of gas and dust, is called RCW 34 or Gum 19. The brightest areas you can see is where the gas is heated by young stars. Eventually the gas burst out like champagne after a bottle was turned off. Scientists call this champagne flow. This new image of the nebula was captured by the Very Large Telescope of the European Space Organization in Chile. RCW 34 is in the constellation Vela in the southern sky. The name means "sails of a ship" in the Latin language.

The Hubble Space Telescope captured images of the three great moons of Jupiter – Io, Callisto and Europe – immediately passing by.

Using powerful optics, astronomers found a planet-like body, J1407b, with rings 200 times more than Saturn's. This is an artist rendering of the rings of planet J1407b, which eclipse a star.

A flag of stars is missing in this image from the La Silla Observatory in Chile. But the stars are actually still behind a cloud of gas and dust called Lynds Dark Nebula 483. The cloud is found about 700 light-years from Earth in the constellation Serpens.

This is the largest image of the Hubble Space Telescope ever assembled. It is a portion of the galaxy side, Andromeda (M31).

NASA captured a stunning new image of the so-called "Pillars of Creation," one of the space agency's most iconic discoveries. The giant columns of cold gas, in a small area of ​​the Eagle Nebula, were popularized by a similar image taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1995.

Astronomers using the Hubble Space put together this image, which shows a small section of space in the southern hemisphere constellation Fornax. Within this deep space are 10,000 galaxies, ranging in time to several hundred million years after the Great Bango.

Planetary nebula Abell 33 appears ring-like in this image, taken by the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory. The blue ball was created when an aging star spilled its outer layers and a star in the foreground first aligned with it to create a "diamond engagement ring".

This image of Hubble looks like a floating marble or maybe a giant, hatched eye. But it's actually a nebula with a giant star at its center. Scientists think the star was 20 times more massive than our sun, but it dies and is destined for a supernova.

Composite image of B14-65666 showing the distributions of dust (red), oxygen (green), and carbon (blue), observed by ALMA and stars (white) observed by the Hubble Space Telescope.

Artist's impression of the merging galaxies B14-65666 located 13 billion light years away.

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