A study conducted by scientists at the University of Flinders (Australia) and the Medical Center of Southwestern Texas (USA) claims that the mice do not gain weight despite eating without stopping. The landmark has been achieved by removing the RCAN1 gene, a key in the production of body fat.
The gene works as an inhibitor for all metabolic processes that turn fat into body heat. When scientists "turned off" in these mice, they discovered that rodents began to burn more calories – they produce more body – than before and be more resistant. Therefore the weight wins.
At the moment, the experiment is only carried out in mice, although the study authors realize that the results obtained have everything necessary to create medical therapy directed to obese people.
"We know that many people are trying to lose weight or, for many reasons, simply control it. The results of this research can be the first step for a pill that focuses on the function of RCAN1 and which reduces weight," says Professor Damien Keating , one of the authors of the study.
In the human body there are two types of fat: white and brown. The body uses white – precisely those that are more visible and less aesthetic – to store energy and, brown, burn them and thus generate body heat. The future pill would transform white fat into brown fat.
Scientists are sure that even more studies are necessary to determine that the same result is acquired in humans.
The pills lose weight around the corner?