Monday , June 5 2023

Candida Auris: What it is and how it attacks this fungus that appeared in Santa Marta – Health


The presence of the fungus Candida auris in a man in Santa Marta who died, as confirmed, by endocrine hypertension, He turned his attention to this pathogen, which raised worldwide attention for being so difficult to control.

A few months ago, this newspaper noted its presence in Colombia. Even the National Institute of Health (INS) confirmed on Monday that Candida auris's presence in the country dates back to 2012, and that an average of 250 cases per year has been identified on the national territory.

The alert came from the United States, where he strolled through New York, New Jersey and the state of Illinois. In addition, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this over-resistant germ has already caused noise in Venezuela, Spain and England, as well as in India, Pakistan and South Africa, among other places.

The community as a whole must understand that it is not a germ that spreads through cities affecting anyone, but it is linked to closed hospital spaces, explains Carlos Álvarez, former president of the Colombian Association for Infectology.

"Although it is not spread from person to person, this fungus persists in the skin and on inanimate elements, in which it is fixed long ago, maintain the ability to affect those who due to their low defense conditions can turn it into a deadly condition”Says the expert.

Carlos Alvarez says that this behavior as a bacterium and in health care institutions is immune to the disinfectants that are commonly used for cleaning in hospitals. It works – continues Alvarez – by invading human blood and can be sown in the brain, kidneys, liver, bones, muscles, joints, spleen and even the eyes, creating a systemic infection called candidiasis.

According to INS, Candida auris is currently circulating in Antioch, Atlantic, Bogota, Caquetá, Casanare, Cauca, Cesar, Cordoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Santander, Sucre, North Santander and Valle del Cauca, "where it is usually found along with many other microorganisms which
monitor through IPS infection committees. "

But more than sowing an alarm, you need to know five basic facts of Candida auris.

1. It's a fungus, not a bacterium. Indeed, an emerging fungus that has been known since 2009 and has been present in Colombia for several years, specifically in hospital spaces.

2. He lives mainly in hospitals and it is mainly affecting people with very low defenses or committed to major chronic illnesses of any age.

3. Its severity is that it has been shown to be a multi-drug, which means, according to the National Institute of Health, that most of the antifungal (fungal-specific antibiotics) commonly used to treat infections of other Candids have no effect.

4. Your control It is based essentially on strict health measures in hospitals, isolating the affected patients and specific support from the patients to prevent their conditions from collapsing in the presence of the fungus.

5. Your contagion is avoided by use of gloves, dress, mask, cleaning, disinfection and sterilization of all equipment and items used by those affected.


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