Tuesday , November 24 2020

Respiratory system diseases can be normal or serious and these tests are detected



Respiratory diseases are divided into two categories: viruses such as influenza, bacterial pneumonia and chronic diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to Dr. Neil Sison, a clinical practitioner at the Cleveland Clinic. , And the best thing to do is rest, and here we are talking more about these diseases, according to the site "Medical" medical.

Respiratory system diseases

Chronic obstructive pulmonary embolism

It includes a number of cases including chronic bronchitis, chronic asthma and swelling, an advanced disease that hampers the breathing of patients.

asthma

Asthma is a chronic respiratory infection that causes coughing, wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. Signs and symptoms may be worse when exposed to causes including air pollution, tobacco smoke, factory smoke, vaccinations, foods, cold air, exercise, chemicals and medicines.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is often associated with smoking, but the disease can also affect nonsmokers, and between 16,000 and 24,000 Americans die from lung cancer each year, although they have never smoked.

In 2018, the American Cancer Society estimates that there will be approximately 234,000 new cases of lung cancer.

Discovery of diseases of the respiratory system

Common diagnostic tools for diagnosis of respiratory diseases include chest and lung function tests (PFT), and measure the degree of oxygen flow to the lungs.

The doctor can also perform a bronchoscope by inserting a tube with light and a respiratory camera, including trachea and air tubes to check for bleeding, tumors, inflammation or other anomalies, as well as a similar procedure is chest endoscopy.

For most healthy people, the most common respiratory disease they face is infection, according to Dr. Matthew Axelen, a lung specialist and critical health specialist at the University of Ohio Medical Center in Wexner, cough is the first symptom and sometimes accompanied by heat.

However, coughing can be a sign of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis or emphysema, and most respiratory diseases seem to be short of breath when making any effort, such as walking a great distance or climbing a few steps.

The most common method for diagnosing asthma is lung function, medical history, and physical examination, but it is difficult to perform lung function tests in children under the age of five, so doctors should rely on children's medical history, signs, symptoms, and physical tests. Make the diagnosis.



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