In the midst of a dispute over fuels, the government inherited only a portfolio that was doing well, as it illustrates the difficulties of politicians in conducting conflicting orders: ecology, employment, purchasing power.
The National Assembly adopted a brief amendment to the modem without palm oil from the list of biological fuels and therefore tax benefits and related incentives. A decision that caused trouble in the movement. The index was adopted by 22 votes to 20. All opposition groups have recovered to the museum that created this amendment, but also 5 MPs of the majority.
Many opposition members went to defend this amendment. "It has been two weeks since we are fighting to explain why we are making the transition to energy, why we add carbon tax, why we increase tax on diesel fuel, and when we want to make clean fuel in France, we keep palm oil … More than gasoline, "said Bruno Millienne, chosen MoDem Yvelines. "To prefer the use of palm oil is to accept that deforestation continues," thunderous leader of the Inanimate, Anne Locke of Lancashire.
It should be said that the subject is a discussion. About a month ago, the National Assembly retained a tax advantage on fuel biofuels. This time the government's opinion was respectable. Gerald Dermanin, the public accountant, put the work forward and aroused the fate of the 300 employees of Le Médienne's total biocasserie in Bouche-du-Rhône. The site is scheduled to begin in the first quarter of 2019. It will now refine fuels from plant materials, especially the controversial palm oil. For the minister, without tax advantage, these jobs were threatened. The adoption of the amendment without palm oil from the list of biological fuels is shaking.
The government's position was widely criticized by members of parliament of all stripes who denounced the government's generosity toward Total. "It is a bit difficult to contemplate that we finally give Primor total compared to our French sectors." For his part, Francois-Michel Lambert, former LREM and a member of the Group's New Territories Freedoms, denounced "extraordinary generosity "For what I do not understand is the total name (…) we sacrifice the entire beets beet," lamented Jean-Louis Bricot, of the Socialist Party Matilde Fanut, France Insomise, So that the economy accepts the "general human interest."
The pill is also struggling to switch to environmental advocates. Greenpeace responded to this decision by saying: "The assessment of nearly a year of government action against deforestation imported to France is currently only the opening of the Mede site, which will increase the French imports of palm oil almost 64%, which, in the voice of Gerald Dermanin, The interests of the Medes website to justify the postponement of the amendment proves that it is not Emmanuel Macaron who is managing the industrial policies of this country, but large unscrupulous groups, as a total. (…) Now it is impossible to give any credibility to the government's word about the environment. "
The government sits between two chairs, industry and ecology. His position on palm oil does not meet his ecological obligations. The climate program announced by Nicola Hulot in July 2017, provided "the end of imports into France of products that contribute to deforestation." The government also violates the goal of the "Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020" for the planet, adopted in October 2010 and ratified by France. One of the goals is the elimination of tax incentives that harm the ecological diversity.
New measures to fight deforestation
This week the government once again released its strategy to fight imports at risk to the world's forests. Assisting countries to produce a new label, communication campaign: The goal is to end deforestation by 2030 due to the importation of agricultural products or unsustainable forestry.
If the CEO of WWF France Pascal Canfin welcomes the "good work plan", the measures are considered insufficient by Greenpeace.The organization believes that "the shy progress of the government will not compensate for Total's approval to import 550,000 tonnes of palm oil per year for its biological plant La Mède, rather than blocking the removal of the tax advantage to agrofuels with palm oil. "That long before eating, it agrofuels that absorb a large portion of palm oil.
For his part, the Ministry of Ecological Transition tried to calm, saying that the total will have to make transparency on its supply channels. A dialogue will be opened with the group to replace local productions for the import and development of a second generation. Total has already committed to increasing its share of palm oil supply from 25% to 50%.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, between 1990 and 2015, the world lost 129 million hectares of forest between 1990 and 2015. It is 8 times the French forest, responsible for 11% of global greenhouse gas emissions and species losses. According to the WWF, France alone has helped a potential growth of 5.1 million hectares over the past five years, including imports of soy, skin and palm oil.
But the government inherited a portfolio that it did not have, and its priority was to keep jobs "at any cost." To get out of this business without sacrificing 300 jobs at the same time all being urged to make efforts on gas prices should be handled with discretion. MEPs decided otherwise