Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan province are fully operational.
With the recent opening of Hong Kong Bridge and Macau Island and the Hong Kong Expressway, Hong Kong's interest in Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao's Davao province has risen sharply, from manufacturing to small business and leisure, everyone wants to know what experience New is in this big picture. The stone of other mountains, perhaps we take a little more, look at the development experience of other Gulf regions in the world, and have more inspiration for the model of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. In this issue, Ma Jingde, assistant chief economist of the Asia-Pacific and Emerging Markets of the Institute for Economic and Trade Research of the TDC, wrote an article on the Tokyo Bay area to investigate this account for nearly 40% of Japan's gross domestic product (GDP).
The design of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Bay area aims to bring together the benefits of the three venues and create an economic zone similar to the Gulf areas of New York, San Francisco and Tokyo. The main challenge in implementing the relevant planning is how to ensure that governments in the region can coordinate policy and communicate effectively. In this regard, the development experience of the Tokyo Bay area in Japan can be used for reference.
The Tokyo Bay area generally refers to the four provinces of Tokyo, Tsiba, Saitama, Kanagawa and the surrounding areas, known as "one city and seven counties", the land area is only one-tenth of the country, but it has 35% (GDP).) Almost 40% The narrow Tokyo Bay area covers Tokyo, Tsiba, Saitama and Kanagawa, collectively called "one city and three counties." Although small, it still accounts for nearly a third of Japan's economic output .
The development of the Tokyo Bay area began during the restoration of the Meiji at the end of the 19th century, when Edo changed to Tokyo and became a capital. As a result of social, political and economic reforms, as well as the construction of infrastructure, such as the national railway system and modern communication networks, rapid industrialization in Japan has resulted. In addition, the introduction of state-of-the-art technology from Europe has promoted the development of manufacturing industries such as textiles, steel and machinery. Many manufacturing facilities are built around Tokyo Bay to send port products.
In the 1950s, the development of two industrial zones on the western and eastern shores of Tokyo Bay helped Japan's economy recover quickly from the damage caused by World War II. Located on the west coast, Keihin Industrial Zone consists of Tokyo, Kawasaki and Yokohama. It is the center of precision machinery, advertising, printing and auto parts industries. Jingye Industrial is located in the east, including 8 cities in the prefecture of Chiba, specializing in the production of electricity, petrochemical, petroleum, shipbuilding, modern logistics, shipping and steel industries. The two industrial zones, together with Tokyo's financial resources, R & D and company headquarters, have enabled Japan to become the world's most advanced manufacturing center.
However, the lack of planning and management of the early development of the Tokyo Bay area led to a sharp increase in the population of downtown Tokyo, while at the same time, a large number of reclamation increased the land area in the Bay Area. In 1958, the Japanese government proposed a plan for the development of the metropolis to solve the problems caused by the rapid expansion of the city. Since then, the Tokyo Bay area has implemented five regional programs.
Over the past 60 years, the Japanese government has adopted a top-down and central management approach to ensure the balanced growth of the metropolis and efficient allocation of national resources. At the same time, local authorities in the region have established mechanisms such as joint committees to promote mutual coordination and communication, and to ensure that regional development policy can be implemented smoothly and effectively. Japanese thinking also plays an important role in communication between governments. For example, Japan Projects Industry Association (JAPIC) conducts research, makes policy recommendations, and encourages industry, government, and academia to exchange ideas and information on disaster prevention, urban planning, and regional planning.
As for the Greater Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, it is more diverse in many ways than the Tokyo Bay area. "One country, two systems", "Three customs zones" and "Four major cities" are among the most prominent features, so in the development planning of the province of Dawn, coordinated communication has become the most challenging part. The special leadership areas of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the nine cities on the Persian Gulf, need to establish an effective coordination and communication mechanism to include industry, thinking and academia.
The experience of the Tokyo Bay area in determining the functions and functions of the ports indicates that the public facilities in the Gulf Bay area must be coordinated. A recent study by the management school Heng Seng suggests that a model of common joint facilities can be adopted between the operators of the Hong Kong terminal. It is estimated that this will reduce the number of Hong Kong port containers and terminal terminals by 49%, thus reducing port costs, improving customer service, saving waiting time and costs, and reducing pollution. It can be seen that major ports and airports in the Greater Bay area can also cooperate with each other, thus reducing unnecessary traffic, avoiding competition and improving overall competitiveness.
For more information on the Tokyo Bay area, visit the TDC Economic Trade Research site: https://bit.ly/2PwSzSH
Source: HKTDC Economics and Trade Research
Data from charts: Statistical Office of Japan, Japan Office of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
https://www.am730.com.hk/column/News/Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, Dawuan District launched in full – Tokyo Bay area can be studied -148356