Scientists have developed a new artificial intelligence technology (AI), which can compare different treatments and identify the most appropriate alternative to a patient.
Traditionally, the effectiveness of medical treatments has been studied by randomized trials in which patients are randomized into two groups: one is treated, the other placebo.
Scientists, including those from the University of Alto and the University of Eastern Finland, have shown that there are other ways to assess the effectiveness of treatment.
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According to Prof. Oli Pekka Rayanen of the University of Eastern Finland, the method opens up new and significant ways to develop medical research.
"We can now predict the results of treatment of individual patients and evaluate existing and new treatment methods." With this method, you can also replace some randomized trials with modeling, "Ryynanen said.
In a study published in the journal Health Informatics Research, the researchers used a method to evaluate the effectiveness of sleep apnea therapy.
However, the method can also be applied to other treatments, the researchers said.
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In patients with sleep apnea, combined air pressure (CPAP) reduced mortality and incidence of myocardial infarction and brain injury by 5% in the long run.
In patients with heart problems, CPAP was less helpful.