Emma Duran is hardly a poster girl of temperament, but as far as drinking in Ireland is concerned, she is not far from a model of restraint. For example, she does not drink during the week, and she usually drinks only one or two nights on weekends. Not then holy, but at best, sinning down.
"I would have had a drink at least once a week, sometimes I would not have had the chance, but at least I would have had a bottle of wine on Friday or Saturday night at home and then maybe I would not have had the chance," said the 34-year-old comedian who lives in Dublin. Yin and tonic, I can drink two weekend nights, my average weekly intake is a bottle of wine and two or three gin and tonic, in a bad week-there will be two bottles of wine and some gin and tonics.
"I would not really drink from Monday to Friday, and I would not drink a glass of wine with a meal, but I would probably drink to get drunk."
Her mother's drinking habits reflect those of many Irish women, when wine is the drink of choice for 60pc of women over the age of 25, according to the National Journal of the Research Council of Health Research.
"In recent years there has been an increase in drinking at home, and women have been more likely to consume alcohol at home or at someone else's home (71% vs. 59.5%) than in other European countries," said Dr Derrida Mongen, research director at HRB, who conducted the surveys. Tend to drink on a small number of days each week, but when Irish people drink, they drink in larger quantities, 75pc of alcohol in Ireland is consumed as part of binge and our drinking will be characterized mainly by excessive drinking, which is a much more harmful way to drink, Over a greater number of days. "
The World Health Organization defines binge drinking as six or more standard drinks in one session, three cups or more than six pubs of spirits. (The standard drink replaced the old unit measurement in the new terminology, but the values do not exactly match, and they can differ from country to country. For example, a regular drink in Ireland contains 10 grams of pure alcohol but only 8 grams in the UK.)
With her mother's habits so in line with those nationally, surely there is nothing here to worry the doctors? After all, who does not have some wine glasses and maybe some G & Z?
When I put this Professor Frank Murray, a consultant for hepatology and gastroenterology, and chairman of the Health Alliance for Alcohol Ireland, he disabuses me of this notino quickly.
"That's a lot," he insists. "That's about twice the low risk of 11 standard drinks a week for what she calls a bad week, so it's risky drinking."
Dangerous drinking is defined as exceeding the low risk guidelines, but has not yet been affected. After that, you are into harmful drinking. This is because when calculated according to HSE's online drinks calculator, Emma drinks around 10.5 standard drinks per week (7.5 in wine bottle and three for each G & T, assuming pub steps). But in a bad week, it grew to 19 standard drinks – 7.5 x 2 = 15 plus four G & Ts = 19.
The online liquor calculator also provides the caloric value of this consumption, which weighs 1,444 calories.
This week is the EU's action on alcohol Week Professor Murray says, in general, most Irish people underestimate the danger of this type of drinking.
"When I returned to Ireland, I was shocked by the number of people – young people, mostly women, with irreversible liver failure and dying of alcohol," he recalls. "They were not" problematic "drinkers, but they had two glasses of wine during the week, and some bottles on weekends, it's a liver failure area," he adds.
"Many people who drink two bottles of wine a week – say in two directions – will have fat in their liver, it would be unusual for people to get liver failure with this level unless they have other sensitive factors but if you multiply it or increase it At 50pc, it is quite common to see liver disease significantly, "says Professor Murray. But it seems we are culturally inclined to consider this level of normal drinking. If, as new guidelines suggest, there is no safe level of drinking, why do most of us – only 20pc of Irish people do not drink – think it's okay, or at least suppress those little suspicions they might not?
"There are two great myths," says Prof. Mori. "One is that your liver can recover, and the other is that people say," I know a lot of people who drank a lot more than I did and did not get into trouble, "and that's true – there is a personal sensitivity from liver disease not just liver cirrhosis. , Accidents that occur from the event of drinking.
In fact, the real danger with a lot of myth "self-myth" liver is that a lot of liver disease is mainly symptoms until it is too late.
"Most people who appear with irreversible liver failure, and who will die without transplant, have not had any significant warning before.
"So you come and it's the time of the game, people have this myth that the liver can regenerate, but that's not true – there's a point you're crossing when it's irreversible."
He also notes that one in eight breast cancer is attributed to alcohol.
"Breast cancer risks start with very low levels of consumption, even as little as a standard drink a day," he says.
So far, so scary. But Emma Duran reveals a higher level of self-awareness. "A lot of people my age have a glass of" innocent "wine on Friday night, but it's not a cup, it's a bottle," she says.
"And that's a lot of alcohol – the first two glasses are big and you feel a little euphoric, and then something happens between the third and fourth glass and you're a bit black.
"I'm a very small person anyway – I'm only 5ft 2 – so I really notice if we drink a bottle of wine at someone's house to come out after. I actually tend to suck one more drink because I do not feel comfortable being drunk.
"But I would say that many people know that I drink more than I do, I do not really get pushed."
So if we are going to drink, how do we reduce the risk of liver disease?
Murray says: "The first point is that there is no safe level of drinking, but to reduce your risk, you need to stay well within the low risk guidelines.
"There should be at least 2-3 days free drink and avoid binges."
They look like strict guidelines but, as Professor Murray says, the risks are sober and ignore …
To see if you're under or under low-risk guidelines, go to askaboutalcohol.ie/your-drinking/drinks-calculator/