The European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) reported in October the follow-up epidemiological surveillance of 13,547 cases of measles recorded between 12 months from 1 September last year to 31 August this year for 28 EU member states (EEA) Member States.
In cases of measles in the past 12 months, all EU and EEA countries have been reported. The most common reported by Greece is 3171, followed by France with 2792 cases, Italy with 2718, Romania with 1765 and the UK with 1007 cases. During this period, there were also 38 measles-related deaths registered in member countries, Arja added.
In Latvia, 65 cases of measles have been reported to SPKC during this period, but measles has been confirmed in 23 cases since December 18 last year, including six children.
Ara stressed that none of the children were vaccinated against measles, but four of them did not reach the age of vaccination. In three cases, children are stung by bites during an outing. In total, 9 impurities may occur outside of Latvia, including two foreign residents.
As the SPKC representative points out, measles outbreaks are associated with a decrease in vaccination coverage.
"Science and practice have shown that in order to prevent measles outbreaks, at least 95 percent of the population must be vaccinated with two doses of vaccine," explained Argus.
She mentioned that measles is a very contagious disease because the measles virus spreads easily among susceptible people through air droplets and direct contact. Larvae spread through air droplets, as well as by direct contact. The burden may be a very serious illness, as it occurs with severe complications, especially for children under the age of 5, adults over the age of 20, those with immunizations and pregnant women.
The SPCC stressed that the only effective protection against measles is safe and effective vaccination. A combined measles, rubella and measles vaccination vaccine (MPR) is used to vaccinate. Maximum protection requires two doses of vaccination. As a result, in Latvia and other countries, the vaccination schedule for children provides two MPRs. The first child receives a child between the ages of 12 and 15 months, but a man in Latvia becomes seven years old.
According to Arga, with special risks of infection, for example, when planning a trip with a baby to a country affected by measles, and after contact with a measles patient, it is recommended to take the first pot before reaching the specified age on the vaccination panel, that is, from the age of six. However, at 12-15 months, pots need to repeat itself and booster vaccinations should be carried out according to the vaccination schedule – seven years of age.
SPKC epidemiologists estimate the vaccine against measles in children as relatively good, which is why Latvia had years when no case of measles was recorded.
At the same time, the SPCC invites parents to reassess the child's immune status, especially when traveling on an international trip.
An analysis of vaccination data from the SPCC shows that this year, from January to June, measles, measles, and measles vaccines increased in comparison to the same period last year. Overall, in the first half of the year, 98.1% of the children received the first pots of MPR and 89.5% of the children received the second.