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The Lebanese parliament, for the first time in its history, passed a law aimed at revealing the fate of thousands of missing people during the civil war and prosecuting those responsible for their disappearance, and human rights groups estimate thousands disappeared during the 1975-1990 civil war. The Lebanese news agency reported on Tuesday that "at the Knesset meeting, the Knesset adopted a draft law on coercion after a lengthy discussion," the law provides for the establishment of a "national body for the missing and those who are hidden by force" in order to expose their fate, knowing the fate of their missing friends and Or persons who are absent by force, their place of residence or place of detention or abduction, and in the location and receipt of the remains ", in accordance with Article II.
According to the law, "any person acting as a motive, actor, partner or accessory to the crime of enforced disappearance shall be punished by hard labor from 5 years to 15 years and with a fine of 15 million Lebanese pounds, up to 20 million lira" or approximately 13,000 dollars . The Lebanese fighters have a strong presence in the political arena, and committees were established in the past by ministerial decisions at the beginning of the third millennium, but did not reveal the fate of the missing.
"We welcome the law of missing persons in the House of Representatives," wrote ICRC spokeswoman Rona Halabi, "the first step is to give missing people their right to know. "The International Committee of the Red Cross is ready to support the Lebanese authorities in enforcing the law," said Amnesty International, local and international organizations have identified sites of mass graves, but the authorities have previously refused to cooperate with them. The new House of Representatives passed the law after extending the mandate of the former council twice, and the adoption of the law comes five months after the appointment of Saad Hariri as prime minister and the inability to form a government. "The party confirms its full support for the adoption of the Law of the Absentees by force, because we understand the suffering of the people and its deep wounds, and this step was delayed for 28 years," Sami Gemayel, head of the Palmach party, said in a speech at the meeting. , And was supposed to hold reconciliation and reconciliation after the war addressed all this issue. "
He added: "In all countries of the world, adopt mechanisms of transitional justice that did not happen in Lebanon, to take this step, as the proverb says: It is better to do today than ever." He expressed hope that "this issue will not be confused with the issue of detainees in Syrian prisons, That some politicians have relations with the Syrian state, including legal relations, and through these relations it is possible to solve the problem and return detainees to Syrian prisons, the leader of the Falang Boutros Qawand. "
Member of the Parliament Nadeem Ghali spoke about the committee to monitor the missing persons in Cyprus and how it managed to find more than 85% of the missing Cypriots and Turks. "We met with many of the missing and are not in the digging of graves and suggested" Of all the Christian and Muslim victims of the war to overcome the wounds of war. "
The Lebanese civil war continues to haunt the relatives of the thousands of missing persons who continue to fight for the fate of their children and relatives or to hope for a miracle that will bring them back to life. "We just want a cemetery to pray and put flowers," said Haddad.
The civil war broke out on April 13, 1975 and ended in 1990, leaving more than 150,000 dead and 17,000 missing or abducted, many of them reportedly remaining in Syrian prisons, and in 1991 the Lebanese government issued a general amnesty after the war Under the pressure of Lebanese families, the government unveiled in 2000 mass graves in Beirut, which apparently contained the remains of many of the missing, but made no effort to identify the victims. Since 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been collecting "a database of all elements related to missing persons, such as locating or abducting". In Syria, the authorities deny the existence of Lebanese prisoners of war, although it released four payments between 1976 and 2000 from a number of Lebanese.