Scientists from the University of Queensland (UQ) and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) first developed a worldwide map showing countries that are still animals, unattended by industrial activity.
So how many animals are there? The answer is small.
Studies show that besides the Antarctic and large seas, more than 77% land and 87% The oceans have been replaced by human activity. This means that only 23% of land can still be considered wild and invariable nature.
"These results are nothing less than the terrible history associated with the last corner of our planet's animal," said James Watson, researcher at the University of Queensland's Biodiversity and Conservation Research Center.
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Researchers have developed a global mapping to determine who is responsible for the conservation of the rest of the animal. And the results are incredible. It turns out that 97% Wildlife is found in more than 20 countries.
And Russia, Canada, Australia, the United States and Brazil are the five countries where the vast majority of animals remain. These are those countries who will have to play an extraordinary role in keeping the animal for the future. And if that does not happen – the consequences will hardly imagine.
These wild areas not only provide refuge for many species of animals and plants, but also absorb most carbon dioxide. And this is an extremely important issue in the fight against climate change.
However, preserving these areas will be difficult, because countries will have to limit their infrastructure and large scale threats, forests, agriculture, water crops and industrial fisheries.
"Conservation of wildlife on global scale will only be assured if these main countries are leading and leading for example. At present, there is a lack of such actions," said one of the co-authors of the study, the WCS vice president for global conservation, the first-born John Robinson. – We've lost so much. We must understand this and take this opportunity to keep the last remains of the animal until they have always disappeared. "
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The authors of the study require "international political system", which is 100 percent. Protect the rest of wildlife. They also call official officials to include unprotected ecosystems in the United Nations Strategic Plan on Biodiversity and the Climate Change Paris, thus protecting the animal. "Natural life loss must be treated as a complete disappearance," says Watson. – The process is not correct, so the first step is taken (vulnerable wildlife) and that (wildlife) Do not lose forever. "
The results of the research were published in Nature's scientific magazine.