In the World Report on malaria in 2018, the World Health Organization (WHO) has unveiled a campaign with its partners to reverse the decline and death of the disease, with the aim of expanding prevention and treatment and increasing investment to protect the vulnerable from the disease.
For the second consecutive year, the report reveals an increase in the number of people affected by malaria.In 2017 there were about 219 million cases, compared with 217 million in 2016.
The report noted that in previous years there has been a steady decline in the number of people with malaria worldwide, down from 239 million in 2010 to 214 million in 2015.
In 2017, about 70% of all malaria cases were concentrated in 11 countries, namely India and 10 African countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda and Tanzania .
He cited 3.5 million cases of malaria in 10 of these African countries in 2017 than in the previous year, while India showed progress in reducing the burden of the disease.
The annual World Malaria report said the World Health Organization aims to fight malaria between 2016-2020 to reduce infection rates and diseases were not on track.
As for progress in malaria control efforts, this year the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Paraguay without malaria, the first country in America to receive this status in 45 years. While three other countries – Algeria, Argentina and Uzbekistan – have requested official confirmation from the World Health Organization that they are free from malaria. India, the country with 4 percent of the world's malaria burden, reported a 24 percent drop in the number of cases in 2017 compared to 2016, the report said.
In Rwanda, 436 fewer cases were recorded in 2017 than in 2016. Ethiopia and Pakistan reported a decrease of more than 240 in the same period.
UNICEF / UN072220 / Phelps
The fight against malaria
In his letter, published in the preface to the report, World Health Organization Director-General Dr Tidros Edhom Griprisos said in his 2017 statement to the international community that the global response to malaria had stopped and that the world had risked losing some of its precious profits over the past 20 years.
Malaria continues to cause more than 435,000 people a year, especially in Africa, he said, noting that children under the age of five are the most vulnerable in particular, saying that the death of a child every two minutes because of the disease, which can prevention and recovery is unacceptable.
The report also reveals sufficient levels of access to malaria-saving tools and interventions.To truly eradicate malaria, according to Tidros, we need a comprehensive approach including vector control, early diagnosis and treatment, especially at the village level. And children in Africa.
With the continued commitment of all countries and the support of our development partners, I am convinced that we will win this battle with this centuries-old disease and return to our common vision: a world without malaria. "