More than 90% of all diabetes cases in the world are diabetes of the second type, which, according to experts, particularly affects the lifestyle and the environment.
It was once spoken as a diabetes, but it has been found in children and youth. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity" Says Deputy Chairman of the Slovak Diabetes Society (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that the cause of overweight and obesity in young people is Poor food with excessive consumption of high energy, low fiber foods.
"We are talking about the so-called" Coca-colonization of the lifestyle " Says Scharner. An important factor, he says, is already an active lifestyle for children. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is different in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, diabetes of the second type is often found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries, But according to Scherner, a growing number of cases are also taking place in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is rarely found. "But we are afraid that this situation will worsen," he says.
The basis for prevention and treatment is not drugs, but not pharmacological measures, namely healthy diet and exercise. "A big role plays as parents lead the children to live properly. It is very important for children to have their exercise entertained, so a good choice is not to exercise on a bike, but for example skating, dancing or stinging, " Says Scharner. However, it is important for diabetes to be an entire society.
"Genes allow type 2 diabetes, but they do not do it," he said. Says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the occurrence of the disease. "Risk factors such as the incidence of diabetes in direct family relationships or high blood sugar levels in the past are important. Increased risk also exists in women who have previously suffered from diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease past or past " Added Doničová.
Patients with a particular risk factor should be checked once a year. Even in patients who do not have a risk factor, it is recommended to check your blood glucose every three years. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people who raised blood sugar levels reduced the risk of diabetes by 31% compared to patients who had no active substance. Exercise reduced the risk of diabetes by 58%. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK Chair Katarina Rašlová. It also considers it important to raise people's awareness of healthy food.