Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease – the immune system fights the body.
In Slovakia there are about 8,000 patients with multiple sclerosis. "Their number is increasing, which can be caused by early diagnosis and especially by extending the lives of patients," said Jarmila Fajnorová, president of the Slovak company of Scleroris Multiplex (SZSM), for TASR.
The disease affects the central nervous system, the brain, and the spinal cord. This belongs to autoimmune diseases, ie those in which the immune system fights the body. In particular, it attacks and damages nerve fibers.
When someone is awkward, it is often said to have sclerosis. Neurologist Bernicev Reese, however, explains that there are no sclerosis like multiple sclerosis. If the disease affects the cortex, which is responsible for mental functioning, the clinical manifestation of a person with multiple sclerosis vascular is evident. "Multiple sclerosis is also known as multiple sclerosis because many disease deposits are scattered all over the brain," explained TASR Brezhny.
From the first symptoms to the development of the clinical condition of the disease, it can be several years. Often, the first symptom is marked by fatigue, weakness and itching of the limbs. "The patient usually does not notice and does not see a doctor because he does not consider this condition to be alarming," says a neurologist, adding that impaired vision, urinary disorders, balance disorders, and walking traps appear in patients.
The cause of the disease is unknown
"Multiple sclerosis is often varied and often transient, so the diagnosis may not be easy, and it can confuse the head with an experienced neurologist," says Brez, but the most serious problem is limiting the momentum and fatigue. They move, they do not come in. Even during a small exercise, they suddenly get weaker and have to relax, "Feinor said. For more severe mobility disorders, patients use walking sticks, French bars, walkers, and wheelchairs. The impact on the soft wheel makes it difficult.
Experts do not yet know the exact cause of the disease. Causes of infection can be virus infections. "There are more than a hundred viruses that have been diagnosed after infection," he says. Experts predict that the environment and increased population hygiene, stress, dietary habits or allergies may be affected. Vitamin D deficiency and smoking, especially in young women, "Brežný added.
A more common occurrence in women
"Multiple sclerosis does not occur from tribe to tribe, although in families where the disease has already occurred, it occurs more often than in the rest of the population," says the neurologist, who appears at the age of twenty and twenty, about three times in women according to the SZSM, multiple sclerosis is the disorder The most common neurologist leading to disability.
As great advances in the treatment and diagnosis of multiple sclerosis, the neurologist is considering the discovery of new imaging test methods and their introduction to medical practice. "Magnetic resonance imaging is now the only imaging method that can confirm damage to nerve fiber packaging and we also map the efficacy of treatment," says Brezhny.
The progress of the study led to the emergence of a new biological treatment that multiple sclerosis can hold. "In the past, the patient was briefly diagnosed with skeletal disability, and women were not advised to have children, but today the patient with the disease has a full life, he can take care of the family, and the disability has gone on for more than 15 years," say the SZSM.
The most important is the diet
The treatment of modern drugs is economically demanding, but it is fully covered by health insurance companies in Slovakia. About 2,000 patients are treated in this country, and in 2016 health insurance companies invested more than 44 million euros. "But the patient is paying for vitamin supplements and mitigants, such as muscle relaxants or pain," the union said.
"In the Multiple Sclerosis Centers, we want to receive an outpatient clinic, in addition to an outpatient neurologist, who can immediately treat the onset of the disease, ie the sudden onset of the disease and the clinical deterioration of the condition." Other medical personnel, A psychologist, a sociologist or a lawyer, we want comprehensive care in one place that works in several Western European countries, "Fajnor said.
Tension with other patients is part of psychotherapy
From the Ministry of Labor, Welfare and Family, the patient may receive donations for various compensation aids, renovation of the apartment without a block or purchase of a vehicle required for individual transportation, in accordance with his disability. In a social insurance company, he can apply for a disability pension.
SZSM covers 25 clubs in Slovakia. For their friends and others they organize mainly educational activities and workshops of various physical activities in practical demonstrations. Also maintenance of the apartment. "The meeting of patients with MS is part of psychotherapy," added Pagor Noor, an integral part of SZSM's annual activity was the vision, a competitive examination of the abilities and skills of people with disabilities as part of SZSM's annual activity. More.