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What panic attacks are and how to deal with them

November 16, 2018

Everyone is ever worried or nervous. Anxiety is a normal reaction to stressful situations, but for people with anxiety disorders, these fears and concerns are not temporary. Their anxiety persists and can get worse. Anxiety can seriously impair a person's ability to work at work, at school, and in social situations, but there are effective methods of treatment.

What is a panic attack?

Panic is the most extreme form of anxiety and anxiety. A panic attack usually occurs suddenly.

Fear and anxiety, which seem to appear out of nowhere, cause physiological and psychological symptoms. The level of fear he has experienced is totally unrealistic and disproportionate to events or circumstances that trigger a panic attack. In fact, it is a reflection of what happens in the amygdala, which can not identify what the past and the present are.

Anyone can get panic attacks, and frequent and persistent episodes can be a sign of panic or an anxiety disorder that requires treatment. Excessive stress, for example, can cause a panic attack that is completely unpredictable, and anxiety during a panic can be present for a long time. The attacks usually last for a short period (5 to 30 minutes) and may occur in most people only once in life, or more often in the day.

They often have a clear cause, such as a threatening event, a place, a person or a memory, but they can appear for no apparent reason, although many therapists believe that panic attacks usually have an explanation that can be identified and treated.

Symptoms of panic attack

Panic attack, which is often threatening and disturbing, can lead to sudden, sudden anxiety and discomfort, and can be very physiological and intense. They usually appear

– shivering,
– shallow breathing, a sense of decay,
– Increased heart rate, chest pain,
– Nausea, dizziness, fainting,
– restless thoughts,
– No. i. Tunnel view,
– numbness of limbs,
– frightening thoughts, especially about death,
– extreme unrest,
– Muscle tension,
– The belief that a person loses control or a sense of reality,
– The sense of separation from one's body

Is there self-help?

People who have frequent panic attacks often change their lifestyle because they try to avoid situations that could cause attacks. This can have positive consequences in the short term, but long-term avoiding challenges is not the best solution, as this can be done by anxiety by reducing living space and avoiding many social interactions that can be beneficial to individuals. This can lead to the formation of various phobias, such as agoraphobia.

Stress control plays an important role in self-help. Many people have panic attacks when they are so overwhelmed by stress that they can no longer cope with it. Speaking of stress regular breaks and breaks can reduce the effects of chronic stress.

During the attack, focus on breathing and find a safe place that will give you privacy. It can also help relax physical stress with movement, prayer, meditation, yoga, breathing exercises, etc.

Panic attacks are not dangerous and usually break down on their own, but they can be dangerous if they occur while driving or other dangerous. It can also help in realistic thinking, as opposed to an over-evaluation of the risk of panic attacks (unconsciousness, death, heart attack), or catastrophe of danger (public arousal, unwillingness to help nearby people). You can write such thoughts or imagine the worst possible scenario that a panic attack can bring you, and make a plan how to act and resolve it.

Psychotherapeutic help

A conversation with the therapist is especially recommended for those who often experience panic attacks or are afraid of them. In some cases, drugs play an important role in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Studies show that behavioral therapy, alone or in combination with medication, is a very effective treatment method for most people with this type of disorder.

Therapy helps to change thinking patterns and reactions in fear-provoking situations. The client handler learn more healthy and efficient methods in dealing with attacks. We learn to identify and regulate factors that can affect their anxiety, and techniques that can help remove unwanted behavior associated with anxiety disorders. Therefore, we encourage activities that can cause anxiety, since they can learn that their fear will not materialize, and gradually restore confidence in yourself and your body.

Therapy is a common process in which the therapist and the client try together to identify specific techniques of fear and fear that will help deal with anxiety. Customers can use these out-of-care techniques in situations where they feel uncomfortable. In any case, the patient's therapist will not have to reach such a state until he is convinced that he or she controls the necessary techniques to successfully cope with fears.
Family and family therapy helps family members, especially, understand the anxiety of their loved ones, teach them how to coexist with them, and above all help children and teens suffering from anxiety disorders.

Treatment may reduce anxiety disorders or symptoms symptoms after several months of treatment, and many can see progress after several sessions.

Matjaž Petrič, legal and family therapist
Center for Marriage and Family Therapy, Epan, Ljubljana

The pictures are symbolic. Photo: Tatiana Splicel

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