Friday , June 9 2023

Artificial Intelligence .. Doctor of the Future


Research: Iman Abdullah Al Ali

The future is artificial intelligence, and all health authorities in the country have begun to include it in their medical services, so that some no longer rule the doctor in the future information program, and rate the specialized company "Frost Sullivan" that the sums investments in this sector will reach $ 6 billion and $ 600 million. In 2021, to begin with the most important questions, is the provision of medical service limited to artificial intelligence? Or is it data analysis? Will it reduce the rate of error in diagnosis and treatment? In the future, does the doctor expect an information program? Does artificial intelligence contribute to early diagnosis and reduce spending on governments? Is it possible to protect a human being against certain diseases and tell some diseases? Is it possible to dispense doctors forever by choosing the artificial mind as an alternative to the human doctor? Do ethical lines work in parallel with the huge leaps in technology? Will artificial intelligence be a stethoscope in the future?
Dr Hamed Al Hashimi, Director of Strategic and Institutional Performance at the Department of Health, Abu Dhabi, said: "We have made great strides in this area, and more importantly, how to equip the infrastructure to accommodate artificial intelligence in hospitals and facilities. , and this revolution has made a major leap in healthcare, such as telemedicine and treatment.With data; artificial intelligence that helps the doctor does not cancel his role, and as far as the trends of large companies and scientists are concerned, the future may be based on information program as an alternative to the doctor.
He confirmed that data is available, and after analysis with artificial intelligence, we can predict disease, reduce spending on governments and reduce unnecessary medical reviews.
He pointed out that the Department of Health has published a policy that encourages the use of artificial intelligence while maintaining patient privacy, and is in control of it, and if there are practices to the contrary, there are mechanisms in place; for control and sanctions.
The AI ​​lab is the first of its kind launched by a regional health regulator dedicated to further developing a comprehensive portfolio of leading healthcare solutions, including artificial intelligence, blockchain, genomics, and predictive analytics. IoMT, telehealth and many other modern technologies, will focus on innovation in the AI ​​lab through four key strategic topics: wellness and prevention; chronic disease management; clinical care and organizational management.

Part of everyday life

Mario Scoger, an endocrinologist at the Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, said that once artificial intelligence was a threat to the future of mankind, it is now part of daily life. In healthcare, artificial intelligence fundamentally changes its applications in Various, for example, supports decision-making processes, diagnostic image analysis, and screening of patients depending on the need for medical care.
Today, physicians help make smarter, smarter decisions while giving medical care to patients, making it easier for the patient to be examined and more accurate, and reducing stress and fatigue.
For example, algorithms for machine learning techniques have the ability to identify health problems in diagnostic imaging, assist in patient screening procedures, and benefit from valuable information contained in the vast amounts of data available in the electronic medical records system. Patient care now requires more agile, more dedicated work as it continues to integrate into healthcare systems.
He pointed out that artificial intelligence analyzes the data available in electronic medical systems, which in turn helps us in making appropriate decisions and analyzing diagnostic images of patients.
Perhaps in the future it will deal with other aspects of health care, the role of the doctor will be limited to just explaining what he has analyzed, and in some complex pathological cases, he may exceed his ability to give more accurate diagnoses, while the physician submits data on patients;
He emphasized that there is currently no data or statistics to prove that he has reduced the error rate as it is still in the early stages of the day-to-day physician work. We are currently in the process of studies and experiments, but when integrated into healthcare systems, this will inevitably reduce the rate of medical errors.

Hard to use

He pointed out that in chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes and other diseases that accompany human life, it is difficult to use artificial intelligence, and the reason here is the way to treat chronic diseases that require the patient's interaction with the patient. doctor and always aware of the need to follow a healthy lifestyle.
"Technology has become an important part of human life," he said. "It can make an accurate diagnosis when you enter the correct data. When artificial intelligence concludes that for example the patient has developed lung cancer, the patient does not want to know what that means and whether it affects his or her life in terms of health, personal, family and Here's the role of the attending physician in explaining the disease, and how to treat it, and to overcome it, and possibly in the future to contribute to artificial intelligence and early diagnosis, reducing the costs to governments, but not now; medical field is very expensive, and it is very difficult to give any estimates about the cost-reduction ratio for governments.

Past and future

It has been widely believed in Europe in the late 1980s that MRI will not be available because of its high cost. Today the art of magnetic resonance imaging is accessible. I believe that the future of new technologies, including artificial intelligence, will be similar because of the growing impact of technology on our daily lives.
"It can be misused, and because it depends on data collection and analysis, patient privacy and how to protect their data is very important. Big companies work on their own protocols and controls, but there are no standard protocols." In the future, standard protocols and controls may be agreed to protect patient data as they will be required.
He emphasized that it is indispensable to physicians, as technology may play a larger role in the disease diagnosis process, but the physician will explain and explain this diagnosis to the patient. That's what I personally do every day during my work as a doctor. Explain to the patient what he or she is suffering and the consequences of this disease, and the computer will not be able to do this work. Not yet.

Integrated health care

Dr. Shamsheer Fayyal, president and CEO of VBS Healthcare Group, emphasized that artificial intelligence techniques should benefit patients, use and analyze patient data, focus and interact with data even after the patient is discharged from hospital, and services are not limited. to treatment; It is an integral health service and patient well-being.
He pointed out that artificial intelligence is capable of predicting disease, and they also have an application that analyzes data and predicts infection and disease. He pointed out that artificial intelligence helps doctors make decisions at the same time and it serves them; by examining thousands of patients at a time, it also prevents doctors from analyzing those tests and has the ability to make a quality leap in the medical sector. And forms a platform to encompass all disciplines.
He said: It does not cancel the doctor's presence; it will in the future enter the medical pathways of physicians, a tool for the physician, and does not cancel its role, and is now studying courses on artificial intelligence for doctors in universities, and when the use of artificial intelligence is found early, and therefore at present, awareness of AI has not reached sophisticated levels, and therefore expenses cannot be reduced.
He emphasized that excessive use of artificial intelligence can create disadvantages, but we hope to use it in an ideal way; serving the medical sector, patients and physicians, and safety is very important; protect and preserve patients' rights and their data; thus they cannot be traded as a commodity.

Avoid any risks

Dr. Rabie Hanna, Consultant Hematologist, Oncologist and Bone Marrow Transplant in Children and Adults at Cleveland Clinic, said there is an interest in artificial intelligence from a medical standpoint, and we have dual health information. We can avoid some risks and complications.
He said: There are studies to use intelligence to analyze data, and convert it to digital information, and this helps the doctor to be able to monitor the patient more accurately, but in the end the role of the doctor is first and foremost, the great connection between the patient and the physician, and intelligence will help provide better treatment to the patient, may discover. The interaction of one drug with another, preventing error, and with the knowledge of the genes of the future with clinical information will be able to predict disease through artificial intelligence.
He pointed out that if the information and data were used in the wrong way and published, here we say they were harmful, pointing out that there are many laws that protect the patient's information and cannot be published without his consent. .

Translation of the government guidelines

Dr Yousef Al Serkal, Undersecretary of the Hospital Sector at the Ministry of Health and Community Protection, said the ministry is working to translate the government's wise directions for integrating 100% artificial intelligence into medical services, and its strategy is working to improve the health of the community; It exceeds patient expectations, and also adopts creative and innovative ideas as a way of working to ensure readiness for the future, and the use of its techniques to achieve the indicators of the 2021 National Agenda.
He said: The ministry has used artificial intelligence techniques to reduce waiting time in emergency departments to manage the operations of hospitals using the smart operations center for health care, and contributes to improving the efficiency of operations and focusing on managing the flow of patients in emergency departments at various times. during peak hours while maintaining productivity, security, quality, and wait times management by artificial intelligence to analyze big data and predictive models of healthcare management to monitor clinical and health services in hospitals.
Dr. Al Serkal: We are studying how to introduce artificial intelligence and link it to genetic testing on the basis of national expertise and in collaboration with the most prestigious medical research centers, due to the significant impact on the state's future health policies and strengthening its position as a global hub for innovation in the health sector and raise its position in the competitiveness index.

Better results at lower cost

"AI-based technologies help healthcare providers in the region deliver better results at a lower cost, help consumers lead healthier lifestyles and improve health outcomes and efficiency," said Ozlem Vidansi, CEO, Philips Middle East and Turkey. The true value of artificial intelligence can be known only by combining it with knowledge in the clinical and operational areas in which it is used, a human-centered approach called adaptive intelligence (AI).
"Digital health solutions connect machines, people and data to help address the most difficult operational and clinical challenges facing clients. In fact, radiologists today waste about 19 percent of their time using multiple systems," said Eli Shaylot, GE Healthcare's CEO. That is why the company has introduced new generations of medical imaging archive and communication systems that have been proven to increase the efficiency of reading tasks from 40 to 50% across imaging centers around the world.

Give incorrect information

Khaldoun Tarakji, Consultant Cardiologist, Director of the Digital Health Center at the Heart Center at the Cleveland Clinic, USA
In the field of the heart is an x-ray; that's why we do that technology gives us information that is more accurate than the ability of a theoretical human being, and the results have not yet changed our patient care and high hopes for those techniques.
He said: We look forward to reaching the stage; so give us full information about the patient, and data analysis through it, and the doctor spends more time with patients and provides them with greater care, and don't believe the doctor will dispense with artificial intelligence altogether, the device will not will take on the role of the doctor; The physician diagnoses by looking at the patient, listening to him and analyzing his data, while the device analyzes the data and describes the treatment, human communication is important with the patient.
He emphasized that artificial intelligence allows us to prescribe a special treatment for each patient, and it is possible to predict the disease by controlling some vital signs; by artificial intelligence, and thus helps us avoid many diseases, and there are many patients using artificial intelligence and this has helped to protect them against certain diseases, and prevent some symptoms.
He pointed out that there are many strict laws regulating the process, maintaining the patient's data and privacy, and we now have a lot of information and data, and information is unnecessary noise, and working to improve the infrastructure to transfer information and use the huge amount of data.
“ There are people who are completely healthy, and with the advanced technologies that people have in their homes, it is possible to give false information, so people will resort to further tests and then to medical intervention, all of which might be unnecessary without the obsession with these skills technologies.

The doctors were defeated

In the first global physician-machine competition to diagnose brain tumors and predict hematoma expansion, AI has proven to defeat a group of human physicians. Research from Capital Medical University, made the correct diagnosis of 87% of 225 cases of brain tumors, in just 15 minutes, while doctors spent more than 10 hours performing the same task, achieving only 66% accuracy. The AI ​​findings were 20% more accurate than human results.

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