God Lung cancer It is a neoplastic disease More deadly In Latin America, which receives less attention from the health sector, the study revealed "Lung cancer in Latin America: the time has come to stop looking in the other direction," carried out by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist (EIU).
The study, presented at the Congress of the Mexican Society of Oncology (SMEO), data from 12 Latin American countries analyzed, indicating that in Mexico 99% of the cases of Lung cancer They are diagnosed at stage 3 or 4, while in other countries the rate is 85%.
Irene Mia, director of EIU's global system, said that there is no documentation of this type of cancer
Data are sufficient in Latin America, So we worked on identifying three priority areas in the health policy of cancer control: tobacco control, access and early diagnosis.
Health experts, who collaborated in the study, found that stigma on this type of cancer is an obstacle that prevents the dedication of a more specific policy and resources relative to other types of cancer.
Dr. Oscar Arita, director of the lung unit at the National Cancer Institute (Incan), said smoking was an addiction in which the Mexican state "did not do enough to prevent it."
Although smoking remains the main cause
lung cancer, 40% is due to unrelated reasons, such as the presence of arsenic in water, air pollution and the use of firewood as fuel in kitchens.
In Mexico, this type of cancer is not covered by the popular Seguro, which provides coverage to more than 40% of the population that has no private insurance or social security, which contributes to the country's low state levels. Tobacco control, access and early diagnosis.
In Latin America, 60,000 people die from lung cancer annually, while in Mexico during 2010, 10,000 new cases have been diagnosed, and according to Arrieta, by 2025 the number is expected to double to 20,000. That "the death rate will be very similar."
Ricardo Pérez Cuevas, director of research at the National Institute of Public Health, said the study reflects the challenges to improving prevention, diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer, and there is no single answer to problems related to Latin America. Latin
Perez Cuevas noted that in Mexico Incan, the Mexican Health Fund and the National Institute of Public Health work on a proposal based on the costs of
Fight lung cancer And smoking, to be presented to the Mexican authorities.
"Our hope is that the policy for treating lung cancer is stable, has the necessary background, and we can advance with access and efficacy," the expert concluded.