The flu season is just around the corner, and with cases of the virus already starting to appear, now is the best time to get yourself protected.
Flu is a nasty and dangerous infection, and its effect is often assessed. Public health in the United Kingdom (PHE) says about 15,000 people died of Android-related causes in the UK last year, including complications such as pneumonia caused by primary influenza.
Most – though not all – of those who are seriously ill are at risk groups who are offered free vaccinations on the NHS. And while peak influenza record does not usually start until December, now is the best time to get a vaccine, as it takes between 10-14 days for the immune system to respond fully thereafter.
The NHS says that, while the optimal time to have a flu vaccine is from the beginning of October to the end of November, if you have the vaccine later, it will still offer some protection.
In addition, some media reports, the NHS insists there is no shortage of vaccine, while the Seqirus supplier says all vaccines and the remaining steps for doctors and pharmacies will be completed by the end of the week.
The groups at risk offered free vaccinations are adults aged 65 and over, people with a long-term health condition such as diabetes, asthma or heart disease, and children in groups at six months of age, pregnant women, children aged two to nine, and elderly and disabled. They also include any person who lives long stay in a care or other long stay care facility.
Each year, the most likely viruses to cause influenza are identified, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends which type of strains should be included in the vaccine. This season there are three types of flu vaccination, depending on age and risk level.
PHE head flu Dr. Richard Pebody says: "Flu can be very serious and can kill the most vulnerable. The vaccine is by far the best defense we have. Anyone at increased risk of Influenza Influenza is offered a free vaccine – talk to a doctor or pharmacist, or look for an invitation from your child's school to get yourself or your loved ones protected in the winter.
"To help prevent the spread of flu, practice good hygiene by hand, grab a cough and sneeze inside tissue, throw the tissue away and wash your hands."
12 Things You Should Know About Flu:
1. When someone with a cough or sneezing cough, the expelled drops can infect people up to 6ft away.
2. In England, the annual flu season runs between October and March or April, although in most cases occur between December and February.
3. Influenza leads to hundreds of thousands of GP visits and tens of thousands of patients remains per year. But, if you are otherwise healthy, the virus will usually clear of itself within a week.
4. Influenza virus is a very variable variable over time. Each year there are different varieties around, and a new vaccine should be prepared to deal with them. Vaccination from previous years is unlikely to protect people from the current flu stream.
5. The University of Oxford's immunization project says there are three basic types of influenza: A, B and C. Type A is the most dangerous and can cause serious disease and epidemics worldwide. Type B can make you feel very sick, but has never led to an epidemic, Type C causes mild illness.
6. Generally, the effectiveness of the flu vaccine is in the range of 30-60%, and the NHS emphasizes that having a flu vaccine will not stop all influenza viruses and the level of protection may vary, so it is not 100% guarantee that you will be flu free. However, if you get the flu after vaccination, it may be milder and shorter life than it would otherwise have been.
7. Side effects of the vaccine in the nose may include runny nose or runny nose, headaches, fatigue and loss of appetite. The injected vaccine may have side effects, including a painful arm instead of injection, low fever and muscle pain for one or two days after vaccination. Serious side effects with nasal spray or jar are extremely rare.
8. Last year, only 68.7% of NHS frontline staff took the flu vaccine free. This fall, NHS employers have rolled out his campaign for the third year in a row in a flu fighter, aiming to encourage more health workers to have the jam.
9. The European Commission estimates that additional deaths are caused by influenza than by road accidents throughout the continent each year. However, about 100 million people have recommended an influenza catheter every year and do not take it despite the recommendations of the World Health Organization.
10. Research from Lincoln and Nottingham Universities suggests that a flu vaccine can reduce the risk of stroke by about a quarter.