Zimbabwe should introduce a hybrid foreign exchange management system or create a long period of Brady-type Brady bonds to keep the savings between the currency chaos, the renowned economist Ashok Chakrati advised.
By Evanescent Degeneration
The hybrid market, according to Investopedia, is a stock exchange that facilitates trading through the integration of an automated e-commerce platform and a traditional broker system.
Brady bonds, however, are secured by an equal amount of 30-year bonds and coupon bonds.
The issuing countries purchased zero coupon bonds in the United States, with redemption revenue appropriate to the redemption of the Brady bonds.
Acaparty's offer comes at a time when dollarization has made Zimbabwe a cheap economy characterized by a chronic shortage of cash.
This led to a severe foreign exchange shortage, parallel market rates and $ 10 billion in real-time Gross Settlement Settlement (RTGS) of unsecured value.
As a solution, Acaparty said the government should introduce a local currency with monetary control and a sound market-based exchange rate mechanism. This, however, is not possible without preconditions, he warned.
"(The government should) introduce a hybrid Forex system based on the Nigerian auction model: conserving 50% of all exporters by the Bank of Zimbabwe at 1: 1 will ensure adequate foreign exchange and vital import and maintain price stability," he said.
To this end, Chakravarti said total foreign exchange needed was 2.5 billion USD.
He said that 50 percent of export revenues would be sold through the banking system on a transparent platform similar to the "window of investors and exporters" in Nigeria.
The total forex available in this market is $ 3.5 billion.
"Access to the platform is gradually expanding from first-priority import to invysibles and capital account transactions, allowing for fair disclosure of the foreign exchange rate instead of using the fourth street, the Zimbollar or across the border in South Africa," he said.
He said that available credit lines are used to smoothen foreign exchange availability on the platform on a monthly basis.
To prevent the value of RTGS balances depreciated excessively, Chakravarti said long-maturity US dollar-type Braady contact can be created.
"This relationship can be replaced for a certain portion of the TBs held by the banking system at 1: 1. Banks can allocate them to deposit holders wishing to extinguish some of their RTGS balances," he said.
"The new bond will have to be supported by collateral; Otherwise there is no difference between it and any other government debt instrument. To do this, the drowning fund can be created and invested zero dollar coupon scrip dollar.
"The current price of a 30-year scrip maturing in 2048 is 36,27 because it is $ 1 billion worth of bonds that could be secured by buying 360 million worth of the day."
The United States Zero Scrip coupon allows investors to hold the interest rate and principal components of the eligible Treasury bills as separate securities.
Chakravarti said a 3% tax should be imposed on the auction platform at auction.
"It will generate $ 100 million a year to fund the drowning fund, and the relationship should be fully negotiable within Zimbabwe," he said.
A senior lecturer in economics at the University of Zimbabwe, said that the proposed systems would yield Zimbabwe in many ways, such as the elimination of discretion and corruption, the disclosure of a price in a large and large foreign currency market, the convergence of tariffs when foreign exchange availability increases over time, More.
The introduction of Brady bonds with a sinking fund will preserve the value of savings.
"Zimra (Zimbabwe Revenue Authority) should use daily rates created by the auction system to calculate import taxes," he said.
"It will eliminate distortions and corruption and create additional income to cover the fiscal deficit, if at all."