Samsung announced on Wednesday the long rumor Exynos 9820, its latest high-end chip that is almost certainly going to power select variations of the Galaxy S10 and Galaxy Note 10 series devices set to be released next year. The launch of the new silicon marks the beginning of the contemporary artificial intelligence push of Samsung as the Exynos 9820 was designed specifically for AI computing on the device, such as Kyren 980 and Kirin 970 chipset from Huawei's HiSilicon subsidiary. The new module is therefore equipped with a nerve processing unit, a processor that exists independently of the main processor of SoC and is dedicated exclusively to AI applications. The Exynos 9820 will enter mass production by the end of the year and must be commercialized in early 2019, probably with the Galaxy S10 array, as well as Samsung's first series of collapsible Android devices.
Samsung says the new NPU and its next-generation custom processor will provide a "new dimension of performance" in the smart device segment. Compared to the Exynos 9810 found within the international versions of the Galaxy S9, the Galaxy S9 Plus, and the Galaxy Note 9, the Exynos 9820 can handle AI tasks about seven times faster. As a result, all devices that utilize the chip should be much more capable of managing the AI of the device and less dependent on the cloud in terms of empowering technologies such as machine learning. Solutions like Google Unified Learning should benefit from the new NPU, significantly as well. Apart from improving performance, AI in the device also has the advantage of being safer and natural as it has less vectors attack potential in its processing equation by virtue of the fact that cloud based computing is not part of the solution.
Samsung has been described a number of usage cases that it is expected to commercialize in the near future, pointing to intelligent camera cameras which can automatically detect scenes and adjust their firing parameters depending on the potential application of the NPU found within the Exynos 9820. The CPU itself is faster than the one used by the Exynos 9820 on both Performance One multi core kernel of about 20 and 15 percent, respectively. In addition, one efficiency and multi-core efficiency improved by about 40 and 35 percent, Samsung said.
While some industry viewers expect more significant upgrades in terms of power purely, these are mostly missing because the Exynos 9820 is based on a low power 8nm plus new FinFET process which itself is only a few percent more efficient than the 10nm LLP one used for creating the Exinos 9810. The development of 7nm even more advanced ultraviolet ultraviolet process but seems to keep it for future chipset. The new chip supports the WQUXGA (3840 x 2400) and 4K UHD (4096 x 2160) solutions, UFS 3.0 storage, LPDDR4x and eight-core sports – dual core system (CPU), one additional Core-A75, Cortex-A55) configuration. Samsung has yet to unveil the plant clock speeds of its new SoC.
Security is another great selling point of the Exynos 9820, with a chip relying on an unclonable physical function to manage sensitive data in complete isolation using a unique key and key manager with support for a wide variety of modern security protocols. The Exynos 9820 is not a 5G-enabled chip but is the best 4G LTE silicon foundry business of Samsung ever created, offering support for download speeds up to 2Gbps thanks to the inclusion of a new LTE Advanced Pro modem. In addition, 8x power and peak speed of 316Mbps are supported, such as 4M4 MIMO and 256-WAM compatibility.
Silicon is also equipped with Mali-G76 GPU cores that are about 40 percent faster or 35 percent more energy-efficient than a graphics processor used by the previous chip. As a result, AR and VR applications, as well as traditional games need to perform any better. In terms of other content, the Exynos 9820 also supports a multi-format codec (MFC) that can encode and decode 4K UHD videos at up to 150 frames per second and handle 10-bit colors that are more accurate, diverse and live than most Today rendering. In terms of filmmaking, the Exynos 9820 can do 8k videos at 30fps or 4K UHD ones at 150fps. The chip can manage 22-megapixel front and rear cameras or 16-megapixel dual-camera setups, Samsung confirmed, although it's just an illustration as an image chip's signal processor can effectively handle up to five sensors in total supporting infrared modules.
Background: Samsung has been actively developing the Exynos 9820 since at least the end of 2017 but the chip was widely expected to utilize the company's 7nm Finfet EUV process. It is not clear what made the company choose a less advanced and simple solution to skip the 8nm step altogether, especially considering how HiSei's HiSilicon already uses its latest 7nm node process in Kirin 980, although without EUV (it relies on older and less efficient optical lithography instead). Qualcomm's Snapdragon 845 successor – believed to be called the Snapdragon 8150 – is also rumored to be based on the 7nm process from TSMC and may therefore offer more efficient processing.
effect: Exynos 9820's capabilities are consistent with recent rumors about the Galaxy S10, with many professionals claiming that at least the top member of the order will include a three-camera rear configuration, a two-sensor front system, and a great focus on AI technologies. The fact that the chip supports 4K displays still does not mean the Galaxy S10 series will include one as its predecessor was also able to handle such panels in theory but this capability has never been used for the consumer grade product.
The Exynos 9820 DRAM compatibility also confirms that the Galaxy S10 will not use LPDDR5 memory even though Samsung is already capable of producing it and improving it probably will not be marketed before 2020. The fact that the new chip with 4G LTE in terms of network performance means that the 5G version of the rumor of Galaxy The S10 Plus is expected to launch in South Korea and will use Qualcomm's next gen silicon instead, with the San Diego-based company already confirming that the 845 Snapdragon successor will offer 5G support as optional functionality.